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Everything you need to know about dental bacteria.

Everything you need to know about dental bacteria.

Dental bacteria, also known as oral bacteria, refers to a wide variety of microorganisms that naturally inhabit the human mouth.

These bacteria play an essential role in oral health, but they can also cause problems if their balance is disrupted.

Here are some of the most common dental bacteria and their role in the oral cavity:

  1. Streptococcus mutans: these bacteria are mainly responsible for the formation of dental plaque and tooth decay. They metabolize sugars and produce acid, which can erode tooth enamel.

  2. Streptococcus salivarius: these are probiotic bacteria that help maintain a healthy balance in the mouth by limiting the growth of pathogenic bacteria.

  3. Porphyromonas gingivalis: it is a bacteria associated with gum disease (gingivitis and periodontitis). It can cause inflammation of the gums and deterioration of periodontal tissue.

  4. Prevotella and Fusobacterium: these bacteria are involved in various oral infections and can contribute to the formation of pus in dental abscesses.

  5. Actinomyces: Certain species of Actinomyces can cause oral infections, including actinomycosis, a chronic bacterial infection that can manifest as abscesses.

It is essential to maintain good oral hygiene, including brushing your teeth regularly, flossing and seeing a dentist for cleanings and periodic dental examinations.

A balanced diet and reducing the consumption of sugars can also help maintain a healthy balance of these bacteria and prevent oral problems such as tooth decay and gum disease.

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