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Gingivitis, sore gums

Gingivitis, sore gums

Gingivitis is a common gum disease characterized by inflammation of the gingival tissues, that is, the gums surrounding the teeth.

Gingivitis is usually caused by the buildup of dental plaque, a thin layer of bacteria and food debris that constantly forms on the teeth. Here is some important information to know about gingivitis:

  1. Causes: The main cause of gingivitis is poor oral hygiene. When plaque is not removed regularly through proper brushing and flossing, it can irritate the gums and cause inflammation.

  2. Symptoms: Common symptoms of gingivitis include red gums, inflammation and tenderness, occasional injury when brushing or flossing, poor breath and sometimes a feeling of pain or discomfort in the gums.

  3. Prevention: The best way to prevent gingivitis is to maintain good oral hygiene. This includes brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing to remove plaque between your teeth, and regular visits to the dentist for professional cleanings.

  4. Treatment: The treatment of gingivitis mainly consists of removing accumulated dental plaque. Your dentist may recommend a professional dental cleaning to remove plaque and tartar. They can also give you tips on how to maintain better oral hygiene at home.

  5. Complications: If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis. Periodontitis can damage the tissues supporting the teeth and eventually lead to tooth loss.

It is essential to take gingivitis seriously and see a dentist as soon as you notice signs of this condition. Early intervention can usually prevent gingivitis from progressing to more serious periodontitis. Good oral hygiene is fundamental to the health of your gums and teeth.

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